Thus, they have association with their local Meeting and a community of their peers, nationally and even globally.
It takes individual discipline and commitment. George Fox was a principal founder of Quakerism in England in the mid s. This new movement soon spread round much of England.
When the Pilgrims went to found the American colony, many were Quakers escaping persecution. Different groups developed different emphases. Liberal Quakers kept an emphasis on the inner light , and retained silent worship. Evangelical Quakers emphasised the teachings of Christ and the centrality of the Bible. Evangelical Quaker churches have pastors and their worship is more like other Christian churches.
They sent missionaries to developing countries. Quakers in Australia have always followed the liberal tradition with silent worship and no pastors or missionaries. However, these two styles, and others, continue in other countries. There is increasing respect for the value and importance of each other's traditions. Quakers have a tradition of welcoming other Quakers even when they have not met before or come from different traditions.
This develops into a strong sense of a global Quaker family. The Friends World Committee for Consultation FWCC links many Quaker groups in the world, providing opportunities for increased understanding and cooperation amongst Quakers from different backgrounds. QUNO often works for peace behind the scenes, inviting diplomats and others who may influence decisions to a simple meal. This encourages conversation at a personal level and allows exploration of ideas that may not be heard in more formal settings.
Such events can have significant influence on world agreements. There is more information here about Quakers around the World.
In our efforts to live life more simply and consciously of the environment, our family gave up plastic in January We tried not to acquire any new plastic for a month, in the hope that our efforts would also encourage others to be more conscious of their own plastic consumption.
Peter, Susan and young son Caleb. Giving up plastic for a month was an exercise in plastic awareness. For more information about the Australian Quaker Advices and Queries, click here. Mum, whose name was Jocelyn Carline, always encouraged me to be very independent.
I have travelled the world, to Ethiopia, South America, and many other places. I got deported from Aden when they were throwing out the British. It was a mercy in disguise, because I came home to see my mother and she died three months later. She was so tired, she had been worked to death. Mum was from the stolen generation, nine or ten when she was taken. When she started looking for her people, by good fortune there was one of the Aunties in Brisbane who told her she looked like someone down at the Tweed Head camps.
She turned out to be my grandmother, Emma. However, otherwise Mum never really connected or bonded with her own blood family. My father was an American serviceman, he went back after a couple of years, at the end of the war. I was very premature, and then I got very sick.
The Great Spirit has looked after me all my life, I have always had a Spiritual leaning. I had to drop out of school during Grade 6 at the age of 13 so I could work, picking strawberries, tomatoes, shelling prawns. Kids are very nimble with their fingers. There were only two of us children; I have a sister ten years older.
I did try once to find my father in my teens, but no luck. I ended up having a little school. I bought some shops that provided the building, and there was money from the National Numeracy and Literacy Programs, and our program was aimed at kids who were expelled or suspended for being disruptive. One boy was in the room when his father committed suicide, so he was very disruptive.
The other activities we did were very hands on, living skills: I showed the girls how fix up fibro walls that had been smashed in, and do other carpentry, and the boys how to take up their jeans. We provided transport in both directions to make sure they came. Cooking breakfast and lunch was a big thing; the kids needed feeding, and there was no shame because we all ate the meals.
We were a community, about 15 of us altogether including the teachers. We had a lunch roster where each student was responsible for preparing a lunch for the whole school by themselves. Soon they were teaching each other how to make nutritious and affordable meals. We started with the Outstation Movement, and we had the Kooma Corporation for land.
At that time there were many different new initiatives. This protects Kooma traditional owners from liability. It is a company that does agisting, and we have recently purchased our own small flock , which enables us to run a shearing school. We employ a ranger, run a vehicle, and maintain the fences. That was a great moment. We have Emu Fest that goes on for a week.
Kids who need to get out of town, we take them out there. If they are playing up at home or school, or mum needs a break, we get them out in time before things get out of hand. I would take kids out on the land, show and explain to them our cultural sites, work with emu feathers, beading, art and craft programs.
Spiritual practice is also shared during these times. Another branch of my educating life grew when I took on fostering Rhys, who is 22 now. He came to me when he was 14, and I was his th carer. I taught him about his Aboriginality, and living skills. Lots of educating there from every angle. I learnt a lot of patience in the process, it put me in touch with reality. It made me realise what a lot of women are putting up with. I came to Quakers by marrying one and she came to Quakers by answering an advert in the personal column of The Times of London.
I had a largely agnostic upbringing and my contact with religion — through school assemblies, scouting, etc. So Quakerism was a revelation. And I found Quakers gentle, understanding people who respected me even as a young person.
My only problem was getting used to calling octogenarians by their Christian names! Back in my wife and I had become involved in supporting various gay organisations, and our local Quaker Meeting helped finance a visiting Quaker from the UK to come to Brisbane and give a talk on gay issues.
Subsequently the Meeting agreed to support changes to the law, and a couple of years later Quakers in Australia made a public statement calling for the law against male homosexual acts to be repealed. Quaker open-mindedness became even more apparent later.
When my marriage came to an end after more than 10 years their support helped me through a very difficult period. A second marriage to another Quaker was also welcomed, and another divorce, again over 10 years later, was accepted and understood, although with sadness.
My second wife and I continued to support the gay community, became involved in the gay counselling service and hosted meetings of gay groups in our house. Quakers also continued their discussions of gay and other relationships. Later of course Quakers have celebrated same-sex unions and called for marriage equality.
If you would like to learn about Quakers in a more in-depth way, please go to our main website in the menu above. The Religious Society of Friends is commonly referred to as Quakers. It consists of the members of the Society and many others who worship with us and are involved with us. Each Quaker seeks their own path with the support of the group. We try to clarify our beliefs by careful consideration, listening to the Spirit within us, listening to others and reading the wisdom of others.
Although our origins are Christian we are open to many ideas. We are committed to working for equality and peace and believe firmly in religious tolerance.
All are welcome to join us. We are a group of 12 to 17 year olds who love to get together when we can.
Want to find out more? If you want to find out more about Quakers in Australia you can: Frequently Asked Questions If you want to explore whether Quaker worship is for you, you are welcome to come to a meeting for worship, which normally lasts for an hour.
Can I attend a Quaker Meeting? What do I wear? Can I bring children? We take due care that those who care for children provide a safe environment for them.
What if my baby cries? Should I bring my partner? Will I be OK? Are Meetings only on Sundays? Will it seem like nothing is happening for a whole hour? Even so, you might gain from sitting quietly.
You might get better at stilling your mind. Click below for information about Quakers in: In many respects, simplicity is at the heart of all Quaker aspirations. For Quakers, we are all human and we all need love and care and have goodness within us. When Quakers first started in 17th century England they recognised that men were dominant. Many early Quakers ended up in prison because of their non-conformist ideas and were horrified at prison conditions.
Quakers still lobby for better treatment of prisoners including rehabilitation and alternatives to imprisonment. Indigenous issues have been a major concern since the s when two British Quakers came to inspect whether convicts and Indigenous people were well treated. Quakers work actively for equal rights for Indigenous peoples, from land rights to education. Quakers value all committed relationships equally whether heterosexual or homosexual. Equality for same-sex couples is an issue that Quakers have publicly supported for over 40 years and Australian Quaker Meetings are happy to marry same-sex Quaker couples.
Marriage for Quakers is two people making a commitment to one another. Each Quaker has an equal right to contribute to any decision being made. Decisions are made in a process similar to consensus. We are all equal but different and those differences should be celebrated. Our aim as Quakers is to appeal to the goodness inside each person and to help it to grow. You won't be told what to believe.
Service attendants consider themselves equal to their guests, and usually are not subservient. Australians also resist being "served. Bodily functions are considered inevitable but are not discussed or performed in public. The constitution guarantees religious freedom, and while there is no official national religion, Australia generally is described as a Christian country.
British colonists brought the Anglican belief system in , and three-quarters of the population continues to identify with some form of Christianity, predominantly the Catholic and Anglican faiths.
Until recently almost all businesses closed for Christian religious holidays. Extensive immigration has made Australia one of the most religiously diverse societies in the world. Almost all faiths are represented, with significant numbers of Muslims, Buddhists, Jews, and Hindus. Many indigenous Australians have embraced Christianity, often as a result of their contact with missionaries and missions. Religious alternatives such as spiritualism and Theosophy have had a small but steady presence since the s.
A growing set of beliefs is represented by the so-called New Age movement, which arrived in the s and evolved into the widespread alternative health and spirituality movement of the s. This has opened the way for an interest in paganism and other aspects of the occult among a minority of citizens.
There has been an increase in lay religious practitioners in the Christian churches in recent times as a result of decrease in the number of people entering the clergy.
Most religious institutions are hierarchical in structure. Religious specialists participate in pastoral care, parish administration, and fund-raising for missions.
Many also maintain a host of institutions that deal with education, aged care, family services, immigration, health, youth, and prisoner rehabilitation. Rituals and Holy Places. Every religious denomination has its own places of worship, and most expect their followers to attend religious services regularly.
There has been a decline in regular church attendance among the younger generation of Christians, who tend to be critical of church policy and practice. Places of worship are considered sacred and include locations that hold spiritual significance for believers.
Among certain ethnic groups shrines are established in places where saints are said to have appeared. There are many Aboriginal sacred sites, which are generally places in the landscape.
Death and the Afterlife. The law requires that deceased people be dealt with according to health regulations. A vigil over the body in the family home is practiced in some religious and cultural traditions. Funeral parlors prepare the body of the deceased for cremation or burial in a cemetery.
Funerals are attended by family members and friends and often include a religious ceremony. Most medical health care is subsidized or paid for by the government, for which a small levy is paid by all citizens. Public hospitals often provide free services. People can select a private general practitioner, usually in their neighborhood. The general practitioner provides referrals to specialist doctors where necessary, and payment is usually on a feefor-service basis.
Health professionals may work privately or in a hospital setting. In recent years there has been an attempt to increase the level of private health insurance coverage among citizens.
Prevention of illness is a high priority of the government, with several programs such as vaccination, public health warnings about smoking and AIDS, public education campaigns on nutrition and exercise, and public awareness campaigns regarding heavy drinking and illicit drugs. Individuals are held to be responsible for their own health problems, and most investment goes to individually oriented, high-technology curative medicine. In the s community health centers were established to focus on groups with special needs, such as women, migrants, and Aboriginal people.
These centers provide more holistic care by addressing personal and social problems as well as health conditions. Increasing numbers of people combine Western medicine with traditional and New Age practices. This may include Chinese herbalists, iridology, and homeopathic medicine. These alternative forms of medical treatment generally are not subsidized by the government. The Royal Flying Doctor Service provides emergency medical assistance to those in remote areas.
It was founded in and is funded by government and public donations. The service also provides emergency assistance during floods and fires. Probably the most significant national secular celebration is Anzac Day on 25 April. However, the event now encompasses participants in all wars in which Australia has been involved.
Dawn services are held at war memorials and there are well-attended street parades. On Remembrance Day 11 November , which is not a public holiday, a two-minute silence is observed in remembrance of Australians who fought and died in wars. Australia Day is celebrated on 26 January to commemorate British settlement, and many capital cities host a fireworks event.
Boxing Day occurs on 26 December. The Boxing Day cricket test match is an annual event watched on television by many residents. The day also is treated as an opportunity to extend Christmas socializing, with many barbecues taking place in public parks or at private homes. Labour Day is a public holiday to commemorate improved working conditions and the implementation of the eight-hour workday. It is celebrated at different times of the year in different states.
A significant celebration occurs on Melbourne Cup Day, an annual horse-racing event in Melbourne. Many people attending the race dress formally, and employees in workplaces gather to watch the event on television. Royal Easter Shows and Royal Show Days with annual agricultural shows are held in capital cities with exhibits, competitions, and sideshows highlighting the rural tradition. On Grand Final Days, the annual finals to the national Australian Rules and Rugby League football competitions, large crowds gather to watch the game and friends congregate to watch it on television in homes and public bars.
Most states have public holidays to commemorate the founding of the first local colony, and there are annual arts festivals that attract local, national, and international artists as well as multicultural festivals.
Some states have wine festivals. Support for the Arts. Most people who participate in the arts depend on other professions for their primary income. Full-time arts practitioners are usually highly dependent on government funding. The sale of work in graphic arts, multimedia, and literature earns a substantial income for many practitioners, while the performance arts, in particular dance, do not tend to generate enough income to cover their costs.
The Australia Council funds artistic activity, provides incomes to arts workers and projects, and is the primary source of income for dance and theater. The film and television industries receive substantial government support and tax incentives. There is government funding for schools of the performing arts.
Approximately 10 percent of large businesses provide some form of support or funding to the arts or cultural events. Since the s a national literature has been developing with a distinctly Australian voice.
This tradition, which is focused largely on the bush as a mythic place in the Australian imagination, has been challenged recently by a new suburban focus for literature.
Increasingly, Aboriginal and other authors from diverse cultural backgrounds are having work published and appreciated. Australian authors have won many international awards, and Australians are claimed to be one of the leading nations in per capita spending on books and magazines.
Painting was dominated by the European tradition for many years, with landscapes painted to resemble their European counterparts until at least The Heidelberg school was influential in the late nineteenth century.
Social-realist images of immigrants and the working class were favored as more "Australian" by Since , images of the isolated outback have been popularized by artists such as Russell Drysdale and Sydney Nolan. Aboriginal artists were acknowledged in with a comprehensive display of their art in the Australian National Gallery.
Their work is becoming increasingly successful internationally. Each state capital has at least one major performing arts venue. Playwrights have been successful in presenting Australian society to theatergoers. Indigenous performance has been supported by a number of theater and dance companies since the early s.
Women's theater achieved a high level of attention during the s. The styles of music, dance, drama, and oratory vary significantly, reflecting the multicultural mix of the society. Annual festivals of arts in the states showcase local and international work and are well attended, in particular by the well educated and the wealthy. Music styles range from classical and symphonic to rock, pop, and alternative styles. Music is the most popular performance art, attracting large audiences.
Pop music is more successful than symphony and chamber music. Many Australian pop musicians have had international success. Comedy and cabaret also attract large audiences and appear to have a large talent pool. Ballet is popular, with over twenty-five hundred schools in the early s. The Australian Ballet, founded in , enjoys a good international reputation.
The sciences are well served in a number of leading fields, including astronomy, chemistry, medicine, and engineering.
Funding is provided by a combination of government and industry. Most universities provide scientific programs. The social sciences are not as well funded mainly because they tend not to produce marketable outcomes.
Nevertheless, there is a strong representation in disciplines such as psychology, history, economics, sociology, and anthropology in universities. Social scientists work both in their own country and overseas. There is a tradition of social scientists from certain disciplinary backgrounds working in government and social welfare organizations.
The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Australia , Watts, Sociology Australia , Intruders in the Bush: The Australian Quest for Identity , 2nd ed. Multiculturalism and the Demise of Nationalism in Australia , Defense White Paper , The Oxford Companion to Australian History , Continuity and Change , Themes and Perspectives, The Penguin Bicentennial History of Australia: The Story of Years , Worship in the World's Religions , Australia Now—A Statistical Profile.
History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. Urbanism, Architecture, and the Use of Space There has always been a high concentration of urban and suburban dwellers, partly because the harsh physical environment has encouraged people to remain close to the fertile coastal areas. Food and Economy Food in Daily Life. Social Stratification Classes and Castes. Social Welfare and Change Programs The approach to social welfare is based on the notions of "a fair go" for all and egalitarianism.
Marriage, Family, and Kinship Marriage. Etiquette A predominant image among Australians is that they are very casual, easygoing, and familiar. Medicine and Health Care Most medical health care is subsidized or paid for by the government, for which a small levy is paid by all citizens. Secular Celebrations Probably the most significant national secular celebration is Anzac Day on 25 April. The Arts and Humanities Support for the Arts. The State of the Physical and Social Sciences The sciences are well served in a number of leading fields, including astronomy, chemistry, medicine, and engineering.
History of Australasia, A Concise History of Australia , Religions in Australia , I think that the Article was vere mind blowing it had alot of useful that i could use on my travels. I'm australian and there was one piece of information that grabbed my attention because it was not correct.
Dampers wasn't originally made by settlers, it was made by indigenous groups across asutralia long before the invasion. Settlers may have seen this being done and did it themselves however they were not the first in Australia to do so. From another Australian, I think you have done a good job in writing this. It is a pretty accurate and balanced article, and sums up our national character well.
I don't agree with Ronnie's comment about the damper. This is very helpful! Where is the clothing catagory. This was very helpful for my 9 year olds school project on Australia!
Ronnie's comment regarding the damper is correct. Interesting information perhaps a little simplistic at times but still good information. I wanted to thank the people who put the web site together. I found some information very funny, such as "bodily functions are considered inevitable, but are not discussed in public. Some information I found a little too simple, and I would have liked to know more such as the role of men and women and the traditional dress of the Australians.
I really want to use this information for an essay but want to quote correctly. Thanks for the website because its gives every meaningful articles, It helped me alot because it had everything that i needed. Impressive information and analysis helped me to develop my International Marketing report.
What about the australian sports? This article was very helpful. It had lots of information that I could use in teaching tradition and culture in different countries. Very good infromation about everything! Hi, just for the people who keep asking about the clothing I'm Australian and a lot of Australians just wear clothing that seems to be worn in other countries, such as America.
Especially considering some clothing shops in America are also in Australia. Reagarding The sports question from ninja. Not only with clubs and at state and international levels, but also as social activity with mates. So you could say that Cricket has had a huge impact on Australias culture. This is just something to consider, you can of course get into more depth. This information helped me very much and gave me more background of Australia! With the clothing questions: We're quite laid back and it's not uncommon to wear casual attire to work like jeans and tshirts and sneakers or thongs especially on Fridays.
Thongs for feet are widely used and quite socially acceptable. And yes, we implement a 'fair go' for everyone and we're very loyal to our 'mates' not spouses but friends.
I want to ask one question. Can yours help me to Identifying this Documentation.. I would like to know this Documentation, its true or false.. This website was extremely helpful for an assignment that I am researching for at the moment! Thank you so much! It was a big hep due to being very detailed! Very useful to catch a glimps of Australia, especially for those who didn't know much about this country before! It's such the great informative web site b'coz i'm preparing my self to get education in Australia.
That helped me on my research. And gave me good info on my travels and that's it so I can't think of any thing else to say except it gave me good things about Australia. Wide selection of high quality merchandise. New selection added daily.
People are very normal and the life style is also fine wish i was born there. Thanks to everyone who posted about what clothes Australians wear! That was a HUGE help! This was very helpful and I thank the makers of this site. Urban Maxi Dress 6.
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Official Site: Shop for athletic and sports clothing from ASICS®. FREE, fast shipping on all orders Australia-wide*. Betty Basics - Good style has to start somewhere, so why not begin with the basics! Australia is an island continent in the Southern Hemisphere, lying between Antarctica and Asia. It is surrounded by the Indian Ocean to the west; the Timor, Arafura, and Coral Seas to the north; the Pacific Ocean to the east; and the Tasman Sea and Southern Ocean to .