Some online stores have real-time chat features, but most rely on e-mails or phone calls to handle customer questions. The store was kept by one Henry Odell, a cousin of the elder May. Customer consider to switch between e-channels, because they are mainly influence by the comparison with offline shopping, involving growth of security, financial and performance-risks In other words, a customer shopping online that they may receive more risk than people shopping in stores. Here, computer terminals located in different travel agencies were linked to a large IBM mainframe computer, which processed transactions simultaneously and coordinated them so that all travel agents had access to the same information at the same time. Computers To copy data into memory or onto a storage device, such as a hard disk.
There are different types of online stores which include online mall, e-commerce hosts, e-commerce software applications or custom software. The online storefront provides various types of information to the visitor such as company description, product types, product description pages, store policies, and contact information.
A shopping cart allows customers to select and temporarily store products that they want to purchase. Payment processing is a system that allows the user to select which payment method they want to use, gather payment information e. Fulfillment is the process of picking or obtaining the items the customer has ordered, shipping the item s , and maintaining delivery tracking information. The storefront is the display that the user sees which contains company description, store policies and product information.
The shopping cart is a process that allows the user to select and temporarily store items that they want to purchase. Payment processing is the capability to gather payment information e.
Fulfillment is the tracking of the delivery of items the customer has purchased. This book explains how to setup and operate online stores and incorporate marketing programs. Learn how to create online catalogs with product page layout guidelines. Order processing steps are explained, along with payment processing options. You will gain an understanding of fraud management and learn how to measure store performance and track visitors.
In order to add this Internet Marketing dictionary tool to your web site and give your visitors the way to lookup industry terms from more than 11, terms, acronyms, and definitions, just copy the HTML code below and put it into your web page where you want to provide access to your dictionary. There are three factors may influence people to do the buying decision, firstly, people cannot examine whether the product satisfy their needs and wants before they receive it.
Secondly, customer may concern at after-sale services. Finally, customer may afraid that they cannot fully understand the language used in e-sales. Based on those factors customer perceive risk may as a significantly reason influence the online purchasing behaviour. Online retailers has place much emphasis on customer trust aspect, trust is another way driving customer's behaviour in digital environment, which can depend on customer's attitude and expectation.
Indeed, the company's products design or ideas can not met customer's expectations. Customer's purchase intension based on rational expectations, and additionally impacts on emotional trust. Moreover, those expectations can be also establish on the product information and revision from others. Consumers find a product of interest by visiting the website of the retailer directly or by searching among alternative vendors using a shopping search engine.
Once a particular product has been found on the website of the seller, most online retailers use shopping cart software to allow the consumer to accumulate multiple items and to adjust quantities, like filling a physical shopping cart or basket in a conventional store.
A "checkout" process follows continuing the physical-store analogy in which payment and delivery information is collected, if necessary. Some stores allow consumers to sign up for a permanent online account so that some or all of this information only needs to be entered once.
The consumer often receives an e-mail confirmation once the transaction is complete. Less sophisticated stores may rely on consumers to phone or e-mail their orders although full credit card numbers, expiry date, and Card Security Code ,  or bank account and routing number should not be accepted by e-mail, for reasons of security. Online shoppers commonly use a credit card or a PayPal account in order to make payments.
However, some systems enable users to create accounts and pay by alternative means, such as:. Some online shops will not accept international credit cards. Some require both the purchaser's billing and shipping address to be in the same country as the online shop's base of operation. Other online shops allow customers from any country to send gifts anywhere. The financial part of a transaction may be processed in real time e. Once a payment has been accepted, the goods or services can be delivered in the following ways.
Simple shopping cart systems allow the off-line administration of products and categories. The shop is then generated as HTML files and graphics that can be uploaded to a webspace.
The systems do not use an online database. It is usually installed on the company's web server and may integrate into the existing supply chain so that ordering, payment, delivery, accounting and warehousing can be automated to a large extent. Other solutions allow the user to register and create an online shop on a portal that hosts multiple shops simultaneously from one back office.
Open source shopping cart packages include advanced platforms such as Interchange, and off-the-shelf solutions such as Magento , osCommerce , Shopgate , PrestaShop , and Zen Cart. Commercial systems can also be tailored so the shop does not have to be created from scratch. By using an existing framework, software modules for various functionalities required by a web shop can be adapted and combined.
Customers are attracted to online shopping not only because of high levels of convenience, but also because of broader selections, competitive pricing, and greater access to information. Designers of online shops are concerned with the effects of information load. Information load is a product of the spatial and temporal arrangements of stimuli in the web store.
Novelty involves the unexpected, suppressed, new, or unfamiliar aspects of the site. The novelty dimension may keep consumers exploring a shopping site, whereas the complexity dimension may induce impulse purchases. According to the output of a research report by Western Michigan University published in , an e-commerce website does not have to be good looking with listing on a lot of search engines.
It must build relationships with customers to make money. The report also suggests that a website must leave a positive impression on the customers, giving them a reason to come back. Dyn , an Internet performance management company conducted a survey on more than consumers across 11 countries in North America , Europe , Middle-East and Asia and the results of the survey are as follows:.
These concerns majorly affect the decisions of almost two thirds of the consumers. The most important factors determining whether customers return to a website are ease of use and the presence of user-friendly features.
Methods for evaluating usability include heuristic evaluation , cognitive walkthrough, and user testing. Each technique has its own characteristics and emphasizes different aspects of the user experience. The popularity of online shopping continues to erode sales of conventional retailers. For example, Best Buy , the largest retailer of electronics in the U. The survey found shopping began at amazon. It estimated 75 million Americans subscribe to Amazon Prime and 35 million more use someone else's account.
There were million people shopping online in China in Online stores are usually available 24 hours a day, and many consumers in Western countries have Internet access both at work and at home. Other establishments such as Internet cafes, community centers and schools provide internet access as well. In contrast, visiting a conventional retail store requires travel or commuting and costs such as gas, parking, or bus tickets, and must typically take place during business hours.
Delivery was always a problem which affected the convenience of online shopping. However to overcome this many retailers including online retailers in Taiwan brought in a store pick up service. This now meant that customers could purchase goods online and pick them up at a nearby convenience store, making online shopping more advantageous to customers.
Consumers may need to contact the retailer, visit the post office and pay return shipping, and then wait for a replacement or refund. Some online companies have more generous return policies to compensate for the traditional advantage of physical stores.
For example, the online shoe retailer Zappos. In the United Kingdom, online shops are prohibited from charging a restocking fee if the consumer cancels their order in accordance with the Consumer Protection Distance Selling Act Online stores must describe products for sale with text, photos, and multimedia files, whereas in a physical retail store, the actual product and the manufacturer's packaging will be available for direct inspection which might involve a test drive, fitting, or other experimentation.
Some online stores provide or link to supplemental product information, such as instructions, safety procedures, demonstrations, or manufacturer specifications. Some provide background information, advice, or how-to guides designed to help consumers decide which product to buy.
Some stores even allow customers to comment or rate their items. There are also dedicated review sites that host user reviews for different products. Reviews and even some blogs give customers the option of shopping for cheaper purchases from all over the world without having to depend on local retailers. In a conventional retail store, clerks are generally available to answer questions.
Some online stores have real-time chat features, but most rely on e-mails or phone calls to handle customer questions. Even if an online store is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week, the customer service team may only be available during regular business hours.
One advantage of shopping online is being able to quickly seek out deals for items or services provided by many different vendors though some local search engines do exist to help consumers locate products for sale in nearby stores.
Search engines, online price comparison services and discovery shopping engines can be used to look up sellers of a particular product or service. Shipping costs if applicable reduce the price advantage of online merchandise, though depending on the jurisdiction, a lack of sales tax may compensate for this. Shipping a small number of items, especially from another country, is much more expensive than making the larger shipments bricks-and-mortar retailers order.
Some retailers especially those selling small, high-value items like electronics offer free shipping on sufficiently large orders. Another major advantage for retailers is the ability to rapidly switch suppliers and vendors without disrupting users' shopping experience.
Given the lack of ability to inspect merchandise before purchase, consumers are at higher risk of fraud than face-to-face transactions. When ordering merchandise online, the item may not work properly, it may have defects, or it might not be the same item pictured in the online photo. Merchants also risk fraudulent purchases if customers are using stolen credit cards or fraudulent repudiation of the online purchase.
However, merchants face less risk from physical theft by using a warehouse instead of a retail storefront. Secure Sockets Layer SSL encryption has generally solved the problem of credit card numbers being intercepted in transit between the consumer and the merchant. However, one must still trust the merchant and employees not to use the credit card information subsequently for their own purchases, and not to pass the information to others.
Also, hackers might break into a merchant's web site and steal names, addresses and credit card numbers, although the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard is intended to minimize the impact of such breaches. Identity theft is still a concern for consumers. A number of high-profile break-ins in the s has prompted some U.
Computer security has thus become a major concern for merchants and e-commerce service providers, who deploy countermeasures such as firewalls and anti-virus software to protect their networks.
Phishing is another danger, where consumers are fooled into thinking they are dealing with a reputable retailer, when they have actually been manipulated into feeding private information to a system operated by a malicious party. Denial of service attacks are a minor risk for merchants, as are server and network outages. Quality seals can be placed on the Shop web page if it has undergone an independent assessment and meets all requirements of the company issuing the seal.
The purpose of these seals is to increase the confidence of online shoppers. However, the existence of many different seals, or seals unfamiliar to consumers, may foil this effort to a certain extent. A number of resources offer advice on how consumers can protect themselves when using online retailer services.
Although the benefits of online shopping are considerable, when the process goes poorly it can create a thorny situation. A few problems that shoppers potentially face include identity theft, faulty products, and the accumulation of spyware. Most large online corporations are inventing new ways to make fraud more difficult. However, criminals are constantly responding to these developments with new ways to manipulate the system. Even though online retailers are making efforts to protect consumer information, it is a constant fight to maintain the lead.
It is advisable to be aware of the most current technology and scams to protect consumer identity and finances. Product delivery is also a main concern of online shopping. Most companies offer shipping insurance in case the product is lost or damaged. Some shipping companies will offer refunds or compensation for the damage, but this is up to their discretion.
The lack of full cost disclosure may also be problematic. While it may be easy to compare the base price of an item online, it may not be easy to see the total cost up front. Additional fees such as shipping are often not visible until the final step in the checkout process.
The problem is especially evident with cross-border purchases, where the cost indicated at the final checkout screen may not include additional fees that must be paid upon delivery such as duties and brokerage. Some services such as the Canadian-based Wishabi attempts to include estimates of these additional cost,  but nevertheless, the lack of general full cost disclosure remains a concern.
Privacy of personal information is a significant issue for some consumers. Many consumers wish to avoid spam and telemarketing which could result from supplying contact information to an online merchant. In response, many merchants promise to not use consumer information for these purposes, Many websites keep track of consumer shopping habits in order to suggest items and other websites to view. Brick-and-mortar stores also collect consumer information. Some ask for a shopper's address and phone number at checkout, though consumers may refuse to provide it.
Many larger stores use the address information encoded on consumers' credit cards often without their knowledge to add them to a catalog mailing list. This information is obviously not accessible to the merchant when paying in cash or through a bank money transfer, in which case there is also proof of payment. Many successful purely virtual companies deal with digital products, including information storage, retrieval, and modification , music, movies, office supplies, education, communication, software, photography, and financial transactions.
Online Store. An online storefront is a web site that enables visitors to find, order and pay for products and services. Online shopping has grown in popularity over the years, mainly because people find it convenient and easy to bargain shop from the comfort of their home or office. One of the most enticing factor about online shopping, particularly during a holiday season, is it alleviates the need to wait in long lines or search from store to store for a particular item. In American English, this kind of building is usually called a store, and shop is only used to mean a very small store that has just one type of goods. Mom has gone to the store. I got it from a little antiques shop in Princeton.